The Efficacy of Instruction Encouraging Lexical Inference of the Meaning of Unknown Kanji Words : From the perspective of the use and accuracy of knowledge sources at lexical inference [in Japanese]

Хэвлэлийн нэр: Journal of Acquisition of Japanese as a Second Language(16)

Зохиогч:  У.Цэцэгдулам

Хамтран зохиогч:

Хэвлүүлсэн огноо: 2013-12-26

Хуудас дугаар: 178-195

Өгүүллийн хураангуй:

 非漢字圏日本語学習者にとって漢字語彙学習は難しい。さらに,学習が進むにつれて未知漢字語彙との遭遇が必然的に増えるため,その未知漢字語彙の部首や文脈など,さまざまな手がかりを活用して意味を推測することが重要となる。本研究は,モンゴルの初級学習者を対象に,9か月間,未知漢字語彙の意味推測を促す指導を行い,その効果を,教師の説明が中心の授業を受けた統制群と比較し,検証したものである。指導の効果は,意味推測課題の成績と,その課題遂行時に発話思考法により採取したプロトコルデータをもとに分析した。統制群の同様のデータと比較した結果,実験群は統制群に比べ,意味推測に使う手がかりの数や種類が多く,未知漢字語彙の無視が少なく,正確な推測がより多いことが明らかになった。今回の実践研究によって,初級の段階から意味推測ストラテジーの指導が可能であり,推測の正確さの向上に効果があることが検証された。

Abstract

Japanese learners from non-kanji backgrounds find kanji difficult. In particular, as the number of new kanji words inevitably increases along with the learning process, it is important to employ various clues, including the radical of the kanji and the context, in order to deduce the meaning. This research was conducted over 9 months in Mongoliafocused on beginner Mongolian students of Japanese. Participants undertook lessons in kanji instruction where they were encouraged to guess the meaning of kanji words. The results of this instruction were scrutinised and compared to an existing group of students who received instruction consisting largely of explanation by the teacher. The results were analysed using retrospective think-aloud protocolswhich measured the success of lexical inference and use of knowledge sources in lexical inference. Comparing the same data for the existing group of students clearly showed thatthe experimental groupwhich employed lexical inferencedemonstrated increased number and type of knowledge sources at lexical inference reduced tendency to ignore unknown Kanjiand increased accuracy in the deduction of meaning. This research shows that the strategy instruction is possible for beginning  learners and can  improve their ability of lexical inference.


Өгүүллийн төрөл: Мэргэжлийн түвшинд хянагддаг сэтгүүл

Өгүүллийн зэрэглэл: Дотоод

Түлхүүр үг: #think-aloud protocol #knowledge sources,inference strategy,unknown Kanji words,Mongolian Japanese learners

Өгүүлэл нэмсэн: У.Цэцэгдулам

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